career-advice

Easy Ways to Explain Gaps in Employment [Expert Advice]

Matt Glodz
Easy Ways to Explain Gaps in Employment [Expert Advice]

How To Address Career Gaps on Your CV and During Interviews

We’re led to believe that in order to climb the corporate ladder and succeed in our careers, we must continue to climb non-stop.

But life happens:

  • We get sick.
  • We burn out.
  • We need to care for an aging parent.
  • We have kids.
  • We decide to travel the world for a year.
  • We pursue a personal venture that doesn’t quite go as planned.
  • We need time off to simply reflect and decide what to do next.

And that’s okay. We’re human beings, not human doings.

Thankfully, many corporations are now starting to encourage increased work-life balance, and organisations such as Arianna Huffington's Thrive Global are raising awareness for mental health and well-being in the workplace.

Remember that progress doesn’t have to be linear, either.

Sometimes a step back into a more junior position can be exactly what you need to build long-term momentum and set you up for future success.

When you take some time out of the workforce, the best way to address a gap in employment on your CV is to simply be honest.

How to Address Career Gaps on Your CV

Effective strategies we recommend include listing only your years of employment or volunteering and taking online courses to fill the gap.

1) List Only the Years You Held Each Position

If your gap is under one year, you may consider only listing the years you worked in each of your roles instead of both month and year.

This strategy can draw less attention to your time off.

However, note that most employers do want to see both the month and year, and this approach does go against standard CV writing convention.

If you only took a few months off between roles, you may be better off being transparent.

Even if you take this approach, the employment gap will likely come up at a later point in the interview or reference checking process.

2) Volunteer

You can replace your period of unemployment with a volunteer position you completed during that time.

This approach is effective because it demonstrates that you were being proactive during your time out of the workforce.

If you volunteered at a community organisation, think about ways in which you went above and beyond the call of duty.

Did you leverage your professional experience to improve the organisation's processes or to help someone grow in their career?

Such examples are worth mentioning on your CV!

3) Enrol in online courses or professional development

Alternatively, you may decide to take online courses that are relevant to your field.

You don't have to spend money on expensive programs, either!

Coursera and edX offer free options from the likes of Oxford, Cambridge and Imperial College London that will not only look good on a CV but will help you build practical skills that you can apply in your next role.

How NOT to Address Career Gaps on Your CV

We don't recommend resorting to measures such as the following to cover up your career gap.

1) Do Not Falsify Dates of Employment

Avoid the temptation to drag out your dates of employment to cover up the gap.

If a recruiter calls your former employer for a reference, they may find out that you lied.

While this can seem like a harmless manoeuvre, it can very easily backfire, significantly harming your chances and damaging your reputation.

2) Do Not Use a Functional CV

While functional CVs can also be an option, we do not recommend using this format.

Functional CVs are organised by skills instead of providing a reverse-chronological listing of work experience.

Recruiters generally expect to see a reverse-chronological outline, so you may hurt your chances by veering from the standard.

A standard reverse-chronological format will also help your CV pass initial ATS screenings.

How to Explain Employment Gaps During Interviews

Assume that your CV gap will come up in your interviews.

Make sure that you prepare a truthful, honest explanation for what you did during your time off:

  • Raise your kids
  • Travel
  • Recover from an illness
  • Reflect on the next step in your career

No matter what the reason for the gap, we encourage you to explain it from a positive angle.

Make sure to mention that despite having taken time from the workforce, you are now ready and excited to jump back into the workforce.


About CV Pilots

CV Pilots is an award-winning executive CV writing firm and a proud member of the Professional Association of Resume Writers and Career Coaches. Our previous clients include CEOs and senior executives at the world's leading companies.

As a professional services firm, we take your reputation seriously. We are committed to delivering writing excellence and superior service while operating with integrity and discretion. Recruitment firms we partner with also trust us to consistently deliver quality documents for their clients.

Our writers have studied at top-tier universities and have strong writing backgrounds coupled with industry experience.

Here's how we can help you:

CV, Cover Letter and LinkedIn Writing Services: If you are looking for end-to-end support, hire one of our professional CV writers to rewrite your documents from the ground up. 

Executive CV Template Downloads: If you plan to prepare your own CV, consider using one of our classic, ATS-friendly CV templates for Microsoft Word.

To learn more about our services, book an introductory call with our founder here or email team@cvpilots.co.uk.


About the AuthorMatt Glodz


Matt Glodz is the Founder and Managing Partner of CV Pilots and a Certified Professional Resume Writer.

After studying business communication at Cornell University, Matt worked for global companies, where he noted that qualified candidates were frequently denied interview opportunities due to poorly written documents.

At CV Pilots, Matt combines his solid business and writing background to craft CVs that give his clients the best chance of landing interviews. He has lived in the UK, US and Italy.

Based in London, he currently works with applicants ranging from CEOs to recent graduates and has been writing CVs for over 10 years.

He has been quoted on numerous business and career-related topics in outlets including Business Insider, CNBC, Fortune, Glassdoor, The Ladders, The Times and Thrive Global.



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